Designed by the architectural firm Klipstein and Rathmann, the St. Louis Civil Courts Building was finished in 1930 and was one of the last buildings in St. Louis to base its design on ancient past architectural style. Its design is based on the ancient tomb of King Mausolus built in 352 B.C. at Halicarnassus in Asia Minor. A large step pyramid sits atop a Greek temple over 10 stories of courtrooms. Typical of Art Deco architecture, interior architectural ornament and lighting designs incorporate Egyptian, Greek and Oriental features.The original lighting fixtures were manufactured by Guth Lighting of St. Louis, with some of the glass being made by Steuben.
Working together with the lighting designer, SLALCO replaced the incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent or metal halide, except for the ornate chandeliers in the law library which kept their long life incandescent decorative lamps. One of the more interesting custom designs was based on the “Scales of Justice” using two bowls (with metal halide lamps inside) hanging from a horizontal “scale”. This design has been used in several other court projects.
Historic Lighting Consultant: Gary H. Behm, I.E.S.
Lighting Designer: Brian Dougan with Ross & Baruzzini